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Brazilian Study Reveals Benefits of ASIC AI Catheters

23 June 2014, at 9:24am

BRAZIL - A professor from Brazil explains two trials he carried out, showing better pregnancy rates and larger litter from sows inseminated once using a catheter from Absolute Swine Insemination Co. (ASIC) than with three inseminations with a standard catheter.

Dr Carlos Henrique Cabral Viana, Professor of Pucmainas University and Nutricell Consultant in Brazil wrote: "I have been working with swine reproduction since I was graduated, in 1992, and artificial insemination, especially the right moment (related to oestrus) and number of inseminations, was the major subject of my Master Science and PhD courses.

"My experience with Absolute Insemination catheters started last year, when first met Sr. Mark Anderson in a fair in my country. The major proposal of this technique is to deposit semen in the uterus, what is well known to give better results compared to traditional inseminations. The difference to the other intrauterine methods is that it is made in such easy way.

"I always believed, according to my experiments, that a single insemination would be enough if performed at the right time (till 24 hours before ovulation). The problem when we took it to the field conditions was that not always the insemination was successful because these single inseminations could be influenced by back flow, which is very usual in traditional cervical insemination, making a single insemination really vulnerable. So, when we inseminate in the uterus, this problem is avoided and I can say we inseminate at the right place.

"Based on these information, we decided to perform experiments with single insemination AI catheters. We first determined when would be the write time by using ultrasound to check when sows ovulate according to the onset of oestrus. In both herds, all scanned sows ovulated between 24 and 48 hours after onset of oestrus.

"So we decided that, in the treated group, insemination should take place 24 hours after onset of oestrus. Well, we chose herds that we knew the heat checking was very well performed. We compared the single insemination with the traditional cervical insemination, as shown in the 2 trials below."

First Trial: A single absolute insemination 24 hours after onset of oestrus compared to three traditional AI, 12, 24 and 36 hours after onset of oestrus.

Treatment Sows Pregnancy Rate Litter size
Single Absolute 23 95% 12.86957
Three AI 20 86% 12.14286

Second trial: A single absolute insemination 24 hous after onset of oestrus compared to two traditional AI, 12 and 36 hours after onset of oestrus.

Treatment Sows Pregnancy Rate Litter size
Single Absolute 31 80% 13.23
Three AI 31 84% 12.77

Summary of the 1st and 2nd trials:

Treatment/
Absolute
Control/
Traditional
Av. farrowing rate 87.5% 82.5%
Av. litter size 13.06 12.60
Total no. of animals 54 51
Insemination/s per sow 1 2.5
Total semen doses 54 157.5

Dr Cabral continued: "As one can notice, despite the number of sows is not enough to make definitive conclusions, it seems that there is no difference according to farrowing rate and litter size. And if we look at the savings related to reduction (60 per cent less) in labour with insemination and semen collection, in material (not only catheters but all related equipment) and semen (even the number of boars in the herd), it makes a big difference.

"My personal opinion is that we could associate the concepts of inseminating at the right time and in the right place, what explain the results.

"Depending on the final results and the semen quality, we can still try to reduce the number of sperms and the volume of the doses of semen. So, insemination will be more and more important to decrease the costs and improve the quality of pork meat."