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Hog Outlook: US Pork Exports Up

by 5m Editor
12 September 2011, at 11:48am

US - During the first seven months of 2011, US pork exports were up 15.6 per cent and pork imports were down 4.1per cent compared to a year ago, writes Ron Plain in his Hog Outlook for 9 September.

During January-July, we exported 22.1per cent of U.S. pork production and imported an amount equal to 3.6per cent of production.

July US pork exports were up 17.9per cent compared to a year ago while July pork imports were down 16.5per cent. July pork imports were the fifth lowest month since 1999. There is optimism about shipments to China. Chinese purchases during July were the largest for any month since June 2008 and more than double that of 12 months earlier.

US feeder pig imports from Canada were down 9.3per cent during July. The number of slaughter hogs imported was down 4.1 per cent.

After three weeks with large drops, the pork cutout value had a small decline this week.

USDA's Thursday afternoon calculated pork cutout value was $94.99/cwt, down 36 cents from the previous Thursday. Loins and bellies were lower, butts and hams higher.

The strength of the pork cutout in the last two years has been due in part to the strength of pork belly prices. Normally, pork loins are more valuable per pound than bellies.

However, from 26 January 2010 through 24 August 2011 there were only 10 days when wholesale pork loin prices were higher than pork bellies. That has changed. Wholesale loin prices have been higher than wholesale belly prices for each of the last 10 business days. Yesterday, loins were 7.84 cents per pound higher than bellies. Is the bacon fad coming to an end? Let's hope not.

The national average negotiated carcass price for direct delivered hogs on the morning report today was $78.98/cwt, down $3.66 from last Friday and $23.58 lower than four weeks ago. The Friday morning price report for the western corn belt averaged $81.80/cwt. Eastern corn belt barrows and gilts averaged $78.71/cwt of carcass. There was not enough volume in Iowa-Minnesota early this morning for a price report. Friday's top live hog price at Peoria was $52/cwt. Zumbrota's top was $59/cwt. The top for interior Missouri live hogs was $58/cwt, down $4.25 from the previous Friday.

Because of Monday's holiday for Labor Day, hog slaughter totaled only 2.004 million head this week, down 5.9per cent from last week, but up 4.2per cent compared to the same week last year. Barrow and gilt carcass weights for the week ending 27 August averaged 197 pounds, up one pound from a week earlier and also up 1 pound from a year ago. Iowa-Minnesota live weights for barrows and gilts last week averaged 263.5 pounds, unchanged from the week before, but down 3.2 pounds compared to the same week last year. This is the fifteenth consecutive week Iowa-Minnesota weights have been below the year-earlier level.

Today's close for the October lean hog futures contract, $87.25/cwt, was up $1.45 from last Friday. The December lean hog contract settled at $83.57/cwt, up 47 cents from the previous Friday. The February lean hog contract settled Friday at $89.50/cwt, up $2.25 for the week. October futures are above current cash hog prices, which is a good sign.