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Weekly Review: Canadian Inventory Lower than a Year Ago

by 5m Editor
29 August 2009, at 9:26am

US - Weekly review of the US hog industry, written by Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain.

The 1 July hogs and pigs inventory in Canada was down 6.7 per cent from a year earlier. The breeding herd was down 4.6 per cent, the market herd was down 7.0 per cent, sows farrowed in the second quarter were down 6.9 per cent and the second quarter pig crop was down 6.4 per cent from 12 months earlier.

Canada has reduced the hog herd more than the United States, but both countries need to reduce more to get prices up into profitable levels.

Consumer demand for pork in the United States is doing quite well with a 4.0 per cent increase in the last year for the January-July period. Beef demand at the consumer level was down 1.5 per cent, broiler demand was down 3.5 per cent and turkey demand was up 4.5 per cent.

Both live hog demand and live fed cattle demand for January-July were down from a year earlier with live hog demand down 2.7 per cent and live fed cattle demand down 8.1 per cent.

As has been stated several times this year, our problem in the hog industry is not demand relative to the past but high costs of production because of ethanol. However, the only way to solve the problem is to reduce production because feed costs are going to stay high relative to history.

Current gilt and sow slaughter indicates any reduction in the hog herd is at a slow rate. Sow slaughter for the year through the week ending August 15 is down 7.8 per cent, and gilt slaughter for this period is down 0.1 per cent from a year earlier. But sow slaughter for the week ending August 15 was up 6.0 per cent from 12 months earlier.

Feeder pig prices were lower again last week nationally and this week at United Tel-o-auction pigs were $10-20 per cwt lower than two weeks ago. All of the Tel-o-auction pigs weighed between 50-60 pounds and sold for $30-37 per cwt.

Nationally last week 10-pound pigs averaged $15.32 per head with 40-pound pigs at $13.47 per head. The formula priced 10-pound pigs sold for $30.56 per head and the 40-pound pigs sold for $37.66 per head. The spot priced 10-pound pigs sold for $6.91 per head and the 40-pound pigs sold for $12.17 per head. The lowest priced 10-pound pigs sold for $2.00 per head and the lowest priced 40-pound pigs sold for $8.00 per head.

Pork product prices moved counter seasonally with very good gains this week. For Thursday afternoon the cutout at $58.57 per cwt was up $7.23 per cwt from a week earlier. Loins at $66.49 per cwt were down $0.04 per cwt, Boston butts at $61.83 per cwt were up $6.19 per cwt, hams at $52.56 per cwt were up $12.14 per cwt and bellies at $58.61 per cwt were up $2.43 per cwt from seven days earlier.

Live hog prices Friday morning were $0.75 per cwt lower to $2.00 per cwt higher compared to last Friday. Weighted average negotiated carcass prices Friday morning were $0.26 - 1.26 per cwt higher compared to a week earlier.

The top live prices Friday morning were: Peoria $27 per cwt, Zumbrota, Minnesota $30 per cwt and interior Missouri $32.75 per cwt. The weighted average negotiated carcass prices Friday morning were: western Cornbelt $46.90 per cwt, eastern Cornbelt $44.57 per cwt, Iowa-Minnesota $46.90 per cwt and nation $45.90 per cwt.

Slaughter this week under Federal Inspection was estimated at 2,196 thousand head, down 1.4 per cent from a year earlier.