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Experimantal Trial on Pathogenesis of Thai Isolates

by 5m Editor
27 March 2009, at 11:44am

THAILAND - A study of Thai isolates of swine influenza in the latest edition of Virology Journal 2009 found that the H1N1 strain caused more lesions in the lungs than the H3N2 strain.

Histopathological lesions related to swine influenza-induced lesions consisting of epithelial cells damage, airway plugging and peribronchial and perivascular mononuclear cell infiltration were present in both infected groups.

Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry using nucleoprotein specific monoclonal antibodies revealed positive staining cells in lung sections of both infected groups at 2 and 4 dpi.

Virus shedding was detected at 2 dpi from both infected groups as demonstrated by RT-PCR and virus isolation.

The results demonstrated that both SIV subtypes were able to induce flu-like symptoms and lung lesions in weanling pigs.

However the severity of the diseases with regards to lung lesions both gross and microscopic lesions was greater in the H1N1-infected pigs. Based on phylogenetic analysis, haemagglutinin gene of subtype H1N1 from Thailand clustered with the classical H1 SIV sequences and neuraminidase gene clustered with virus of avian origin, whereas, both genes of H3N2 subtype clustered with H3N2 human-like SIV from the 1970s.