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Disease and welfare issues of the sow

Agalactia / udder congestion

  • A change from straw to no bedding
  • Constipation
  • Frozen pipes
  • Incorrect feeding
  • Poor nutrition
  • Poor water supply

Leg weakness (OCD)

  • Leg stresses
  • Particularly first litter animals
  • Poor nutrition
  • Slippery floors or slats

Loss of condition

  • Cold / draughts
  • Failure to foster piglets from large litters
  • Poor nutrition
  • Under feeding

Mastitis

  • Failure to clip teeth of piglets
  • Poor hygiene
  • Poor management
  • Shortage of water
  • Wet pens

Metritis

  • Ascending infection from the vulva
  • Dead piglets
  • Problems at farrowing
  • Unhygienic manual assistance

Prolapse: vagina / uterus / rectum

  • Difficulty in the sow rising
  • Obstructed or prolonged farrowing
  • Faulty tail gates in the crates
  • Increased abdominal pressure
  • Old age
  • Slippery surfaces
  • Sloping floor

Vulval haematoma

  • Crushing of the vulva by the tail gate or crate projections
  • Previous damage in yard