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Pig Numbers, Pork Output Fall in Australia in 2008

by 5m Editor
15 January 2010, at 12:00am

The latest ABARE statistics show a decline in the Australian pig industry. The report has been summarised by Jackie Linden for ThePigSite.


In its latest issue of Australian Commodity Statistics for 2009, the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics (ABARE) documents a decline in the domestic pig industry in terms of animal numbers, production and per-capita consumption of pig meat.

Total pig numbers in 2008 stood at 2.411 million, a fall of 7.4 per cent compared to the previous year. There were 340,000 sows and gilts, 3.4 per cent fewer than in 2007.

There was a 9.5 per cent reduction in the number of pigs slaughtered during 2008 to 4.842 million. This, combined with a 300-gramme reduction in average carcass weight from 2007, brought the cut in total pig meat production for 2008 to 348,000 tonnes, which is almost 10 per cent below the previous year.

Imports of pig meat were up 7.4 per cent in 2008, while exports fell by nine per cent, widening the country's trade gap in pig meat.

Total consumption of pig meat in Australia in 2008 was 527,200 tonnes, a reduction of three per cent from 2007. Per-capita consumption fell by 1.2kg to 24.7kg in 2008.

In terms of animal numbers, New South Wales followed by Queensland are the leading pig-producing states in Australia.

Australian supply and use of pig meat
Unit 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Pig numbers a ’000 2,511 2,748 2,940 2,658 2,548 2,708 2,733 2,605 2,411
Breeding sows and gilts a ’000 293 293 332 356 352 318 348 352 340 b
Slaughterings ’000 5,014 5,172 5,603 5,723 5,440 5,372 5,320 5,350 4,842
Average slaughter weight c kg 72.7 73.2 72.7 73.2 72.6 72.7 71.9 72.2 71.9
Production c '000 t 364.4 378.5 407.3 418.9 394.8 390.3 382.7 386.1 348.0
Imports cd '000 t 72.6 65.2 92.6 112.0 127.1 162.3 169.0 218.4 234.5
Exports cd '000 t 55.9 77.3 91.5 88.3 70.4 64.7 67.2 60.8 55.3
Total consumption ce '000 t 381.1 366.5 408.4 442.6 451.6 488.0 484.4 543.7 527.2
Consumption per person cd kg 19.8 18.8 20.7 22.1 22.3 23.8 23.4 25.9 24.7
a Livestock holdings on establishments with an estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) of $5 000.
b Breeding sows only in 2008
c Carcass weight
d Includes preserved pig meat
e Apparent consumption
Sources: ABS, Apparent Consumption of Foodstuffs, cat. no. 4306.0, Canberra; ABS, International Trade, Australia, cat. no. 5465.0, Canberra; ABS
Principal Agricultural Commodities, Australia, Preliminary, cat. no. 7111.0, Canberra; ABS, Agriculture, Australia, cat. no. 7113.0, Canberra; ABS
Agricultural Commodities, Australia, cat. no. 7121.0, Canberra; ABARE.


Australian pig numbers, by state and territory a
('000)
New South
Wales
Victoria Queens-
land
Western
Australia
South
Australia
Tasmania Northern
Territory
Australia
2000 778 521 621 277 406 22 2 2,511
2001 710 523 544 276 438 18 2 2,748
2002 845 557 597 286 438 22 2 2,940
2003 833 673 643 361 410 18 3 2,658
2004 729 555 663 381 309 19 3 2,548
2005 624 547 691 291 378 14 3 2,708
2006 781 559 711 284 358 13 2 2,733
2007 655 668 691 296 403 17 2 2,605
2008 741 463 695 326 360 19 na 2,411
2009 770 394 610 363 262 13 na 2,236 s
a At 31 March. From 2000, at 30 June. Livestock holdings on establishments with an estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) of $5 000 or more
s ABARE estimate
na Not available
No data avialalbe for Australian Capital Territory
Sources: ABS, Principal Agricultural Commodities, Australia, Preliminary, cat. no. 7111.0, Canberra; ABS, Agriculture, Australia, cat. no. 7113.0, Canberra; ABS, Agricultural Commodities, Australia, cat. no. 7121.0, Canberra. ABARE.

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.


January 2010