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Economic Benefits from Eradication of Enzootic Pneumonia and PRRS from a New 800-Gilt Herd

by 5m Editor
19 October 2010, at 12:00am

The programme of vaccination and medication successfully controlled enzootic pneumonia for more than a year and PRRSV for 10 months, according to Nigel J. Woolfenden (Bishopton Veterinary Group, UK) and David Burch (Octagon Services Ltd, UK) in their poster presented at the IPVS Congress 2010.

Introduction

In 2008, due to a period of high feed prices and poor meat prices, it was decided to kill out one of three approx. 800 sow herds (Herd 1), which was badly affected with chronic porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), enzootic pneumonia (EP) and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae ST3. Herd 2, which was also positive for PRRS, EP & PCV2 but had a good reproductive performance and low post-weaning to slaughter mortality, was to be the source of gilts for Herd 1. It was decided to try to eliminate PRRS and EP through vaccination and medication prior to farrowing. Elimination of PRRS had been described (1) using gilt pool management and infection stabilization and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (Mhp) elimination by the use of tiamulin and chlortetracycline in combination (2).

Materials and Methods

Approximately, 50 cross-bred (LR×LW×LW) gilts per week were weaned at four weeks of age into straw-based accommodation over a 21-week period from the start of 2008. The young pigs were vaccinated with a killed mycoplasma vaccine (Ingelvac® M Hyo) at thee weeks of age and again at eight weeks of age. A PCV2 vaccine (Ingelvac® Circoflex) was given also at three weeks of age. A live PRRS vaccine (Porcilis® PRRS) was given at eight weeks of age. Following the closure of Herd 1 and the removal of all pigs at the beginning of June, the premises were thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.

Three weeks later (21 June), the gilts were moved over in batches of 300 from Herd 2. Matings were started in the older gilts on the 11 October and they were given Porcilis PRRS and a parvovirus and erysipelas vaccine (Porcilis® Ery + Parvo) three weeks before service. To ensure the required uniform immunity to PRRS, the whole gilt herd was vaccinated on 24 November with Porcilis PRRS (live), an inactivated PRRS vaccine (Progressis®) on the 15 December and a final Porcilis PRRS (live) on the 5 January 2009. Medicated feed was also started on the 5 January 2009 for six weeks and containing sufficient tiamulin (Denagard® Premix) at 500ppm and chlortetracycline (Aurogran® Premix) 1500ppm to give 5 and 15mg of active per kg bodyweight, respectively. The first farrowings commenced on the 3rd of February. The younger gilts (<300 days of age) and boars were also injected with tiamulin (Denagard 200 injectable) at 15mg per kg bodyweight, three weeks into the in-feed medication period.

Blood samples were taken from 60 pigs (8-22 weeks old) on 14 July and examined by ELISA tests for PRRSV (LSI Hipra) and Mhp (DAKO blocking). In December, an acute outbreak of coughing occurred in Herd 1 and a further 30 samples from 16- to 20-week-old pigs were taken. A number of lungs at slaughter were also examined for EP lesions and pleurisy in July (240) and December (115).

Results

Table 1. Blood test results for PRRSV and Mhp.
Blood tests No of samples PRRSV +ve Mhp +ve
July 2009 60 0 0
Dec 2009 30 15 (50%) 0 (0%)


Table 2. Comparative production figures before and after PRRSV and EP eradication programme in Herd 1
Herd 1 Herd 2
Pre-prog 2007 Post-prog 2009 Original herd 2009
No born alive 11.9 13.4 12.0
Mort pre-wean 9.8% 8.5% 7.5%
Mort post wean 11.4% 7.6% 3.5%
FCE 2.59 2.46 -

All of the lungs examined were free from EP lesions. Pleurisy had fallen from more than 30 per cent in 2007 to less than six per cent in 2009.

Discussion

The EP part of the programme appears to have been very successful for over a year according to blood and lung lesion results. There appears to have been a breakdown in PRRSV in December, although the herd remained free clinically for over 10 months, suggesting the programme had been effective originally. Contaminated transport was the suspected cause. The number of pigs born alive per litter was increased by 1.5. Mortality was reduced in all stages of production by 5.1 per cent but from post-weaning to slaughter by 3.8 per cent or an extra 730 pigs sold, resulting in a £25,500 margin over feed. FCE was reduced by 0.13, which equated to savings of £34,944, and a combined total of £60,444. PRRS and EP medication costs were £11,970, so the med cost/benefit ratio was 1: 5.

References

  1. Dee, S. et al (1994) SHAP, 3, 2, 64-69
  2. Baekbo, P. et al (1994) Proc. 13th IPVS Congress, p135

Further Reading

- Find out more information on porcine reproductive respiratory syndrome (PRRS) by clicking here.


Further Reading

- Find out more information on enzootic pneumonia by clicking here.


October 2010