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Australian Pig Numbers, Pork Output Fall Again in 2009

by 5m Editor
10 December 2010, at 12:00am

The latest ABARES statistics show further reductions in both pig numbers and pork production in Australian in 2009. The report has been summarised by Jackie Linden for ThePigSite.


The latest issue of Australian Commodity Statistics for 2010 from Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES) presents data for the pig industry up to 2009.

Total pig numbers in 2009 stood at just over 2.3 million, a fall of 4.6 per cent compared to the previous year. There were 278,000 breeding sows and gilts, 11.2 per cent fewer than in 2008.

There was a 6.4 per cent reduction in the number of pigs slaughtered during 2009 to 4.530 million. Average carcass weight remained unchanged from the previous year at 71.9kg. Total pig meat production for 2009 was 325,600 tonnes, which is also 6.4 per cent below the 2008 figure.

Imports of pig meat were up 16.0 per cent in 2009, while exports fell by almost 18 per cent, continuing the widening of the country's trade gap in pig meat.

The one bright point is that total consumption of pig meat in Australia in 2009 was 552,500 tonnes, an increase of 4.8 per cent from 2008. Per-capita consumption fell increased slightly to 24.9kg.

In terms of animal numbers, New South Wales followed by Queensland are the leading pig-producing states in Australia.

Australian supply and use of pig meat
Unit 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Pig numbers a ’000 2,748 2,940 2,658 2,548 2,708 2,733 2,605 2,412 2,302
Breeding sows and gilts a ’000 332 356 352 318 348 352 340 313 278
Slaughterings b ’000 5,172 5,603 5,723 5,440 5,372 5,320 5,350 4,842 4,530
Average slaughter weight c kg 73.2 72.7 73.2 72.6 72.7 71.9 72.2 71.9 71.9
Production c '000 t 378.5 407.3 418.9 394.8 390.3 382.7 386.1 348.0 325.6
Imports cd '000 t 65.2 92.6 112.0 127.1 162.3 169.0 218.4 234.5 272.3
Exports cd '000 t 77.3 91.5 88.3 70.4 64.7 67.2 60.8 55.3 45.4
Total consumption ce '000 t 366.5 408.4 442.6 451.6 488.0 484.4 543.7 527.2 552.5
Consumption per person cd kg 18.8 20.7 22.1 22.3 23.8 23.4 25.9 24.7 24.9
a Livestock holdings on establishments with an estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) of $5,000.
b Excludes on-farm slaigher from 2007
c Carcass weight
d Includes preserved pig meat
e Apparent consumption
Sources: ABS, Apparent Consumption of Foodstuffs, cat. no. 4306.0, Canberra; ABS, International Trade, Australia, cat. no. 5465.0, Canberra; ABS, Principal Agricultural Commodities, Australia, Preliminary, cat. no. 7111.0, Canberra; ABS, Agriculture, Australia, cat. no. 7113.0, Canberra; ABS, Agricultural Commodities, Australia, cat. no. 7121.0, Canberra; ABARES.


Australian pig numbers, by state and territory a
('000)
New South
Wales
Victoria Queens-
land
Western
Australia
South
Australia
Tasmania Northern
Territory
Australia
2001 845 557 597 286 438 22 2 2,748
2002 833 673 643 361 410 18 3 2,940
2003 729 555 663 381 309 19 3 2,658
2004 624 547 691 291 378 14 3 2,548
2005 732 524 666 266 335 12 2 2,538
2006 655 668 691 296 403 17 2 2,733
2007 741 463 695 326 360 19 na 2,605
2008 770 394 610 262 363 12 0 2,412
2009 649 414 596 390 236 16 0 2,302
2010 603 516 557 224 389 11 0 2,301
a At 30 June. Livestock holdings on establishments with an estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) of $5,000 or more
s ABARES estimate
Sources: ABS, Principal Agricultural Commodities, Australia, Preliminary, cat. no. 7111.0, Canberra; ABS, Agriculture, Australia, cat. no. 7113.0, Canberra; ABS, Agricultural Commodities, Australia, cat. no. 7121.0, Canberra. ABARES.

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.


December 2010